Communications writing question

Your speech will be evaluated based on content (introduction, thesis, organization of ideas, effective language, citing credible sources, and conclusion) and delivery (volume, speech rate/tempo, vocal expression/tone, facial expressions/gestures, body movement, and pronunciation/articulation). I will discuss this in detail during Weekly Discussions and Weekly Office Hours. Points earned from your outline evaluation (out of a possible 10) will be added.

Evaluation of Outline Format

Detailed outline format discussed in chapters 10 and 11 (short lectures on Canvas) based on the Roman numeral system. A separate outline for the introduction, body, and conclusion, And including a bibliography with a minimum of three credible sources (cited verbally in your speech).

Write your observations of your video (practice or one that you will submit). Be honest about your efforts. Explain what you can do to improve your future efforts. This must be at least 1 and a half pages long.

Notes for Chapter 10 Ten Building Blocks That Will Help You Outline the Body of Your Speech Approach Organization Logically – Look for key ideas, patterns, and trends in your research that are supported by examples, quotations, or testimony. Remember the outline is simply a tool for structure and clarity. Think in terms of the overall plan of your speech – don’t try to fill in all details at the beginning of the process. Principles of Outlining – Formal outline refers to the body of the speech and informal outline refers to the introduction, conclusion, bibliography The body should contain between two to four main points or numerals in a 4 to 7 minute speech. Main points in the body should be structures in an organizational sequence that is logical, interesting, and appropriate to the topic. Chronological Sequence Spatial Sequence Topical Sequence Other Sequences – Problem-Solution, motivation sequence A system of Roman Numerals, letters, and Arabic numbers should be combined with indentation to identify main and subordinate levels. The Outline Should Include Supporting Materials That Are Coordinated and Subordinated in a Logical Manner. Each Subdivision Must Contain at Least Two Items. Main Points (Numerals) and Supporting Items Should be Linguistically Parallel. The Outline Should Identify Sources for Major Supporting Materials. The Outline Should Include External Transitions Between Main Numerals. Internal transitions (e.g. also, then, next, in addition to, finally) link supporting materials within a subtopic.

Body I. (first main point) A. (supporting detail) B. (supporting detail) II. (second main point) A. (supporting detail) 1. 2. B. (supporting detail) Your Speaking Notes include the introduction, body, and conclusion Write legibly, use large lettering, and double-space between some of the lines You may want colors to highlight specific examples, statistics, or quotations When transferring your outline to note cards, remember that your objective is ease of communication; you want notes to help you communicate quickly and effectively

Notes for Chapter 11 Planning the Introduction – the audience forms its first impressions of your speech while listening to your introduction. If you are going to be successful throughout your presentation you must get your listeners’ attention and stimulate their curiosity at the very beginning. The purpose of the introduction is to provide a graceful entrance to your topicYou want to captivate the attention of the audience, arouse their curiosity about your topic and link the topic to their needs and introduce your specific purpose and thesis statement. The introduction is the place where the audience decides to listen or tune you out. The introduction must be well thought out and very carefully prepared. Examples, Stories, and Illustrations Shocking Statement or Situation Statistics Questions Quotations Suspense Personal Reference, Compliment or Reference to the Occasion Humor The Flexible Introduction Combination of Strategies Outlining the Introduction – informal outline of a speech that will help you communicate the content of your speech. One-Level OutlineIntroduction I. (first sentence) II. (Strategy) III. (specific purpose)

IV. (thesis statement) Two-Level OutlineIntroduction I. (first sentence) II. (strategy) A.Detail B.Detail III. (specific purpose) IV. (thesis statement) Planning the Conclusion – an effective conclusion gives finality to the speech. The speaker must choose a clear method or device that tells the audience that the topic has been resolved. You should not introduce new material in the conclusion. You should choose a method that reinforces the information and ideas you have already presented. Summary of Main Points Quotation Reference to the Introduction Challenge or Appeal Humor Question Story, Illustration, and Example Statistics Outlining the Conclusion One-Level OutlineConclusion I.(first sentence) II.(strategy) Two-Level OutlineConclusion I. (first sentence)

A. Detail B. Detail II. (strategy)

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