Writing question

Annotated Bibliography

An annotated bibliography is a list of sources with notes about each source. Constructing an annotated bibliography helps you

  • summarize each source to understand its main ideas

  • evaluate each source for accuracy, quality, and relevance

  • reflect on how and why your most promising sources will help you answer your research question.

  • record publication information for your sources before drafting your research paper

  • remember which sources you’ve consulted

Required elements

1. Prewriting: Explore your sources.

For each source, note your responses to the following questions:

    • What is the purpose of the source? Who is the author’s intended audience?

    • What is the author’s thesis? What evidence supports the thesis?

    • What qualifications and expertise does the author bring? Does the author have any biases or make any questionable assumptions?

    • Why do you think this source is useful for your project?

    • How does this source relate to the other sources in your bibliography?

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