Writing Question

In Modules 8 and 9, you reviewed Cause and Effect and Using Research, along with starting to work on your essay by writing the Rough draft of the Introduction and a Body Paragraph, putting together an outline, finding and using a source in your writing, and completing the Work Cited entry.

Now, you will continue onto the Drafting step of the Writing Process. In this Module you will work on the Rough draft of the essay. Read and follow all instructions and requirements.

Below are the guidelines for the assignment:

Topics: Choose ONE of the topics below, and write an essay which discusses the Causes and Effects of the topic.

  • Cheating

  • Cancel Culture

  • Virtual learning in public schools

  • Shut down and stay-at-home orders

  • Current immigration from South America and Mexico

All criteria for the essay rest on the concepts discussed in the assigned chapters and lectures.


  1. Essay will have a strong, academic title. Title should not just show the topic. You need to give more.

  2. Essay will have an introduction that contains

    1. A clear, sophisticated hook.

    2. A clear overview of the topic of the paper.

    3. A thesis statement that identifies the topic, makes an assertion, and suggests the essay’s focus.

  3. Essay will have body paragraphs (minimum of 3 and not more than 4) that each discuss the various claims you are attempting to make. Each will have:

    1. A clear topic sentence.

    2. Evidence and sources that support your claims.

    3. An analysis of the relationship between the evidence, claims, and overall thesis of the essay.

  4. Essay will have a conclusion that reinforces the deeper point of the paper without just repeating the thesis or the topics of the paper.


  1. Each body paragraph will have a clear point – that is, it will have a clear cause and or effect.

  2. Each body paragraphs will demonstrate your ideas.

  3. Each body paragraph will lead readers through your research clearly.

  4. As a whole, the body paragraphs must employ use of chronological, most-to-least, or least-to-most analysis of the topic.

Voice, Tone, and Language:

  1. Essay tone and voice is clearly academic.

  2. The style will be clear and direct (no wordiness or extra “fluff”).

  3. The sentences will vary in length.

  4. Essay will have minimal grammar errors.

MLA Formatting:

  1. The paper will be formatted in MLA, including

    1. One-inch margins

    2. Double-spacing (with no extra spaces between paragraphs; set Before and After to zero).

    3. 12-point Times New Roman font

    4. A heading with your name, the instructor’s name, the course, and the date, in day-month-year format (i.e., January 4, 2023 would be written 4 January 2023).

    5. A header ½ inch from the top of the page with your last name and the page number.

    6. A centered title.

    7. Paragraphs that are indented one tab (or ten spaces).

    8. Justify the paper left only—not both sides.

Other Details:

Essay 3 will be a minimum of four full pages to 6 pages of discussion in length; this means a full four pages and not three pages and some writing on page 4. Furthermore, this does not include the Works Cited page; the Works Cited page it an additional page.

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