## Galilean Velocity Addition and Time dilation

For each problem, include a couple of sentences to briefly describe what you are doing,
allocate partial credit.
1. Galilean Velocity Addition: consider a stationary observer watching a train
moving to the right at a constant velocity of 30 meters per second. (Note: this problem
concerns movement in one direction, along a straight train track, and refers to the two
possible directions as left and right.) Assuming Galilean relativity, how fast are the
following objects moving as measured by the stationary observer, and in what direction
(left or right)?
(a) someone running in the train to the right at a speed of 5 meters per second relative
to the train
(b) someone running in the train to the left at a speed of 5 meters per second relative
to the train
(c) James Bond riding a motorcycle within the train to the left at a speed of 30 meters
per second relative to the train (the Core office requests that I tell you not to try this)
(d) a light beam moving to the left in the train (for this part and part (e) use the exact
value of the speed of light, which is defined to be c = 299,792,458 m/s, and assume
this velocity is relative to the train)
(e) a light beam moving to the right in the train
2. Velocity Addition in Special Relativity: repeat problem (1) using special relativity,
instead of Galilean relativity. For parts (a) through (c) you can round c to 3 x 108 m/s,
and you can round your answers to show 1 digit after the decimal place. For parts (d)
and (e) you should use the exact value of the speed of light. Comment on how your