Quiz (Module 3)

  • Due


  • Points20


  • Questions20


  • Time LimitNone



  • When you are ready, click on the “Take the Quiz” button below to get started (you may need to scroll to see the “Take the Quiz” button).


Quizzes in this course include multiple choice, true/false, matching and short answer questions stemming directly from the assigned readings. Students can access each quiz one time. Please complete all assigned readings in advance of starting the quiz.

Attempt History

Attempt Time Score
LATEST Attempt 1

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Question 1

1 / 1 pts

By age 4, intelligence tests are good predictors of later IQ and academic achievement.









Question 2

1 / 1 pts

Good child care enhances cognitive, language, and social development, especially for low-SES children.









Question 3

1 / 1 pts

Most theories of moral development agree that at first, a child’s morality is


regulated by inner standards.



motivated by a fear of retribution.



driven by compassionate concern.




externally controlled by adults.



Question 4

1 / 1 pts

Research reveals that inductive discipline


fails to provide children with information about how to behave in future situations.




helps children notice others’ feelings and points out the effects of children’s misbehavior on others.



discourages the development of empathy and sympathy.



encourages children to comply with rules in order to avoid the loss of parental love.



Question 5

1 / 1 pts

Preschoolers distinguish __________, which protect people’s rights and welfare, from __________, which do not violate rights and are up to the individual.


social conventions; moral imperatives



matters of personal choice; social conventions




moral imperatives; matters of personal choice



moral imperatives; social conventions



Question 6

1 / 1 pts

During early childhood, children’s gender-stereotyped beliefs


emerge slowly, as parents treat boys and girls in similar ways.




strengthen so much that many children apply them as blanket rules that should not be violated.



are highly flexible with respect to clothing and hairstyle but less so with respect to types of play.



are flexible until about age 5, after which they become more rigid.



Question 7

1 / 1 pts

Which of the following preschoolers is most likely to be shunned by agemates?



a boy who wears nail polish



a boy who plays with building blocks



a girl who wears cowboy boots



a girl who enjoys art



Question 8

1 / 1 pts

Which of the following statements is supported by research on sex differences in aggression?



Although girls have a reputation for being both more verbally and relationally aggressive than boys, the sex difference is small.



Contrary to popular belief, girls are more physically aggressive than boys during the preschool years.



Girls are significantly more likely than boys to engage in verbal and relational aggression.



Throughout early and middle childhood, girls tend to inflict harm in more variable ways than boys do.



Question 9

1 / 1 pts

Which of the following statements is supported by research on viewing television violence?


Violent programming creates short-term increases in aggression, but does not have long-term negative consequences.




Aggressive children have a greater appetite for violent TV programming than nonaggressive children.



Older children are more likely than preschool and young school-age children to imitate TV violence.



Violent television only has a negative effect on children who are already highly aggressive.



Question 10

1 / 1 pts

Which of the following is one reason the United States lags behind Denmark, Norway, Great Britain, Sweden, the Netherlands, and Canada in immunizations?


  1. A) Uninsured U.S. children do not receive free immunizations.



  1. B) Childhood diseases have been virtually eradicated in the United States, making immunization unnecessary.




  1. C) Many U.S. children do not have access to the health care they need.



  1. D) More U.S. parents are aware that immunizations cause autism.



Question 11

1 / 1 pts

Vygotsky saw __________ as the foundation for all higher cognitive processes.


  1. A) egocentrism




  1. B) language



  1. C) sensorimotor activity



  1. D) self-reflection



Question 12

1 / 1 pts

One reason that gains in IQ and achievement test scores from attending Head Start quickly dissolve is that many of the children



  1. A) enter low-quality public schools.



  1. B) have to repeat grades in elementary school.



  1. C) drop out of school before graduating.



  1. D) are unable to keep up with the homework demands in grade school.



Question 13

1 / 1 pts

According to Erikson, one of the major functions of play is to allow children to


  1. A) escape from the demands of their lives into a fantasy world.




  1. B) try out new skills with little risk of criticism or failure.



  1. C) show their caregivers the things that are important to them.



  1. D) represent their unconscious wishes and desires symbolically.



Question 14

1 / 1 pts

Emotional competence


  1. A) develops from repeated experiences with failure.



  1. B) results in a decline in self-conscious emotions.



  1. C) is influenced more by biology than the environment.




  1. D) is vital for successful peer relationships and overall mental health.



Question 15

1 / 1 pts

Which of the following preschoolers is most likely to be shunned by agemates?



  1. A) a boy who wears nail polish



  1. B) a boy who plays with building blocks



  1. C) a girl who wears cowboy boots



  1. D) a girl who enjoys art



Question 16

1 / 1 pts

Which of the following statements about the consequences of obesity in middle childhood is true?


  1. A) Obese boys are viewed more negatively by adults and peers than obese girls.



  1. B) In most cases, obese children slim down by adolescence.




  1. C) Obese children are stereotyped as lazy, self-doubting, and deceitful.



  1. D) Due to growing public awareness, childhood obesity in the U.S. has declined by 30 percent in the last decade.



Question 17

1 / 1 pts

Throughout elementary and secondary school, __________ predicts academic success


  1. A) learned helplessness



  1. B) metacognitive awareness




  1. C) self-regulation



  1. D) interpersonal intelligence



Question 18

1 / 1 pts

A major reason that sustained attention improves in the preschool years is



  1. A) a steady gain in children’s ability to inhibit impulses and keep their mind on a competing goal.



  1. B) that adults use scaffolding to help children focus on one task at a time.



  1. C) that children become increasingly bored by novelty.



  1. D) that children become better at distinguishing appearance from reality.



Question 19

1 / 1 pts

Adoption studies reveal that


  1. A) adopted children show a significant decline in IQ across middle childhood and adolescence, regardless of rearing conditions.



  1. B) children of low-IQ biological mothers do as well as children with high-IQ biological mothers when placed in similar adoptive homes.



  1. C) genetic factors play a much greater role in IQ than environmental factors.




  1. D) when children of low-IQ mothers are adopted at birth by parents who are well above average in income and education, they score above average in IQ during the school years.



Question 20

1 / 1 pts

When children adopt teachers’ views of them and start living up to them, this is called “educational self-fulfilling prophesy.”








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